Greenpeace Germany released the results of its investigation at a press conference in Kyiv, also attended by the Yevhen Kramarenko, Head of SAUEZM and its Deputy Head, Maksym Shevchuk, and Serhiy Kireev, General Director of the State Specialized Enterprise “EcoCenter” in Chornobyl.
Greenpeace Germany is concerned that the IAEA is severely compromised in its role on nuclear safety and security in Ukraine by its ties to Russia’s nuclear state agency, ROSATOM, including its current IAEA Deputy Director Mikhail Chudakov, a long term ROSATOM official.
“Understanding the complex radiation effects at Chornobyl is essential for the world and that means conducting research and working with international scientists. All of that has been put at risk by Russia’s war against Ukraine,” said Shaun Burnie, senior nuclear specialist at Greenpeace Germany. “Scientists and workers conducting essential radiation hazard monitoring are now threatened by an unknown number of Russian landmines and anti-personnel explosives. This is one further outrageous legacy of Russia’s illegal war and is a crime against the environment and global science. The IAEA appears reluctant to explain the scale of the radiation hazards at Chornobyl and the impact of the Russian occupation.”
At the Russian camp near Stantzaya Yanov, the Greenpeace Germany team measured dose rates ranging from 0.18 µSv/h (microSieverts per hour) up to 2.5µSv/h at a height of 10cm. The highest level is more than three times the estimation of the IAEA. At a junction, 1.5km from the former Russian road block and next to the Red Forest, the dose rate was 7.7µSv/h - so much higher than that measured by the IAEA.
In samples that were measured in a mobile lab in the field, it showed a sharp contrast in Cs-137 concentrations ranging from 45000 Bq/kg to below 500Bq/kg. Russian army disturbance of the soil layers can both bring to the surface low contaminated soil from deeper layers or higher contaminated soil from other layers. This can lead to a higher level of migration of radionuclides in the environment.
Furthermore, measurements with a purpose-built UAV (drone) operating at 100m reveal even higher radiation levels in a wider area towards the south. Around 200 cps (counts per second) was measured above the Russian camp, whereas 600-700 meters to the south the highest activity was almost 8000cps a factor 40 higher.